Redwood Valley (formerly, Basil) is an unincorporated community in Mendocino County, California. It is located 6.5 miles (10 km) southwest of Potter Valley, at an elevation of 722 feet (220 m). It comprises the northern portion of the Ukiah Valley. It is about 8 mi (13 km) north of Ukiah and 12 mi (19 km) south of Willits. Potter Valley is to the east and Calpella to the south. The ZIP Code is 95470. The community is inside area code 707.
One of the more dubious distinctions awarded Redwood Valley is it being the home of Jim Jones' Peoples Temple cult for a short time. The site was chosen because Jones believed that it was one of the few places in the world likely to survive a nuclear holocaust.
The United States does not define a census-designated place called Redwood Valley, but it does define a Zip Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) in the area, 95470. Because Redwood Valley is contained within this ZCTA, it is possible to obtain Census data from the United States 2000 Census for the area even though data for "Redwood Valley" is unavailable.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,975 people, 2,088 households, and 1,613 families residing in the Redwood Valley ZIP code 95470. There were 2,184 housing units. The racial makeup of the area was 84.5% White, 0.3% African American, 5.0% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 5.8% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. 12.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,088 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the area the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. For every 100 females there were 103 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101 males.
The median income for a household in the ZIP code was $44,112, and the median income for a family was $48,703. Males had a median income of $37,917 versus $24,413 for females. The per capita income for the area was $21,503. 7.9% of the population and 6.3% of families were below the poverty line. 7.5% of those under the age of 18 and 4.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
In the state legislature Redwood Valley is located in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Pat Wiggins, and in the 1st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Patty Berg. Federally, Redwood Valley is located in California's 1st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +10 and is represented by Democrat Mike Thompson.
Redwood Valley is primarily residential and agricultural. The primary crop by far is winegrapes, with many estate and independent vineyards. There are over a dozen wineries in the area, which participate in an annual wine tasting event each Father's Day called A Taste of Redwood Valley.
Redwood Valley is part of the Ukiah Unified School District. It is home to Redwood Valley Elementary School (grades 1-5) and Eagle Peak Middle School (grades 6-8). Students from the area attend Calpella Elementary School in Calpella for Kindergarten and Ukiah High School in Ukiah for grades 9-12.
Abhayagiri Monastery and Holy Transfiguration Monastery are located at the north end of Redwood Valley.