San Gabriel is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 39,804 at the 2000 census. It is named after the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, one of the original Spanish missions in California.
Prior to the arrival of the Spanish to Alta California, the area that now comprises San Gabriel was inhabited by the Tongva ethnic group, which came to be called the Gabrielino by the Spanish.
Spanish colonial history of the City of San Gabriel dates back to 1771 with the founding of the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, a California State historical landmark. The founding of the mission establishes San Gabriel as the birthplace of the modern Los Angeles region. The Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, "Pride of the California Missions," founded by Father Junipero Serra, is the fourth of twenty-one California Missions, and has long been a center for culture and art.
The Mission San Gabriel Arcangel served a central role in Spanish colonial society, with many of the area's first Mexican settlers being baptized at the mission, including Pio Pico, who was baptised at the mission in 1801 and became governor of California.
By 1852, after American occupation, San Gabriel became one of the first townships in the County of Los Angeles. When the 1860 census was taken, there were only 586 persons listed. The city was incorporated as a general law city on April 24, 1913 with a population of 1,500.
The Mission suffered from earthquake damage in the past, but it has undergone a major restoration process over the years. In the 1990s, plans to turn the area on Mission Road into a tourist attraction have largely failed.
As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 39,804 people, 12,587 households, and 9,566 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,721.2/km² (9,639.3/mi²). There were 12,909 housing units at an average density of 1,206.8/km² (3,126.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 33.40% White, 1.06% African American, 0.83% Native American, 48.91% Asian (principally Chinese), 0.10% Pacific Islander, 12.36% from other races, and 3.34% from two or more races. Those identifying as Hispanic or Latino (of any race) were 30.71% of the population.
There were 12,587 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.52.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,791, and the median income for a family was $45,287. Males had a median income of $31,642 versus $29,302 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,807. About 12.5% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.
San Gabriel has its own school district, San Gabriel Unified School District, which serves the majority of citizens in San Gabriel. However, the south portions of San Gabriel are served by Garvey School District. Alhambra Unified School District operates San Gabriel High School, which serves both Alhambra and San Gabriel residents who live adjacent to the school.
San Gabriel has two public high schools (Gabrielino High School and San Gabriel High School) run by SGUSD and AUSD respectively, one private high school San Gabriel Mission High School, one middle school operated by SGUSD (Jefferson Middle), and seven elementary schools (Coolidge Elementary, McKinley Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, Washington Elementary, Wilson Elementary, Dewey Elementary, and Marshall Elementary). The first 5 are operated by SGUSD, while the latter 2 are operated by Garvey School District.