Central is a town in Pickens County, South Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,159. Contrary to its name, it is not near the center of South Carolina. It received its name from its geographic location, being the halfway or central point between Atlanta and Charlotte along the former Atlanta and Richmond Air-Line Railway line. The primary campus of Southern Wesleyan University is located east of the downtown area.
|Central, South Carolina|
Location of Central within South Carolina
Central owes its existence to a railroad bom that began in 1873. The town's name represents the fact that it is midway between Atlanta and Charlotte. Central was incorporated as a town on March 17, 1875.
In 1897, Southern Railway moved its headquarters from Central to Greenville; trains no longer stopped to change engines, and soon all shops and offices were closed. The establishment of Issaqueena Mill and in 1906, Wesleyan Methodist Bible Institute (now Southern Wesleyan University) brought people back to the town.
Two buildings on Church Street in Central are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Central High School and Morgan House. The Central Roller Mills on Madden Bridge Rd. was listed in 2013.
Central is located at United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), all of it land.. According to the
Downtown Central is bisected by a rail line. A significant number of late 19th to early 20th century commercial buildings remain, most of which are a single story in height and retain a good amount of historical integrity. As of summer 2006, a downtown streetscape project is underway that is designed to improve the aesthetics of the area. There are also many modest pre-World War II homes near the downtown. Central has several very large apartment complexes, including The Summit at Cross Creek, which primarily house students from nearby Clemson University (who can use Clemson Area Transit to get there), as well as from Central's own Southern Wesleyan University.
The Central Heritage Society has a museum and information on many historic buildings and homes in the area.
The Central Clemson Regional Branch library serves as the community's public library, which is part of the Pickens County Library System.
Central shares educational facilities and transportation services with the adjacent city of Clemson.