South Dos Palos (formerly, Dos Palos Station) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Merced County, California, United States. South Dos Palos is located 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of Dos Palos, at an elevation of 118 feet (36 m). The population was 1,385 at the 2000 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,385 people, 342 households, and 286 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 922.0 people per square mile (356.5/km²). There were 365 housing units at an average density of 243.0/sq mi (94.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 45.78% White, 16.03% African American, 1.95% Native American, 31.62% from other races, and 4.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 74.15% of the population.
There were 342 households out of which 55.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 24.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.1% were non-families. 13.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.05 and the average family size was 4.41.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 41.7% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 14.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $18,500, and the median income for a family was $23,365. Males had a median income of $20,417 versus $12,357 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $7,170. About 44.6% of families and 42.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.0% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature South Dos Palos is located in the 12th Senate District, represented by Republican Jeff Denham, and in the 17th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Cathleen Galgiani. Federally, South Dos Palos is located in California's 18th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +3 and is represented by Democrat Dennis Cardoza.