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Pro Electric 3089 Highway 127 S Con, Crossville, TN
(931) 456-0405
Jeff Woods Construction 157 Riverview Drive, Crossville, TN
(931) 267-6509
Jarek's Car Service 8839 Kingston Pike, Knoxville, TN
(865) 690-5421
K & K Coal Co Inc 300 Blake Road, Oakdale, TN
(865) 882-1882
In-Line Electric 253 Old Poplar Springs Road, Kingston, TN
(865) 376-2921
M&L Electrical Inc. 302 Natalie Boulevard, Loudon, TN
(865) 458-5042
Bearden Benz 5718 Kingston Pike, Knoxville, TN
(865) 851-8224
D & D Heating & Cooling 6073 Lantana Road, Crossville, TN
(931) 788-1671
Chilhowee Benz 641 Chilhowee View Road, Maryville, TN
(865) 982-2994
E & L Electrical 176 Liles Road, Lenoir City, TN
(865) 388-7443
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3rd and Church Healthcare/Music Valley Medical Reviewed by: Stephanie We had an excellent experience here. The doctor was great. Jason made us feel very comfortable. The staff was friendly and helpful, and the office was beautiful. We were treated very well.

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About Rockwood

Rockwood, Tennessee





Rockwood is a city in Roane CountyTennesseeUnited States. Its population was 5,562 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Harriman, Tennessee Micropolitan Statistical Area.





Rockwood, Tennessee
Rockwood Street in Rockwood, Tennessee
Rockwood Street in Rockwood, Tennessee
Motto: "The place to be in Tennessee"
Location of Rockwood, Tennessee
Location of Rockwood, Tennessee







Early history

Cherokee village situated in what is now Rockwood was the headquarters of Chief Tallentuskie, a Cherokee leader in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Roane Iron Company

The Roane Iron Company furnace site at the end of Rockwood Street; the small building on the left is all that remains of the once vast iron works

Union general John T. Wilder, who in the 1850s had managed a foundry in Indiana, noted the iron oreand coal deposits of the Cumberland Plateau region while operating in the area during the Civil War. After the war, Wilder and Ohio-born Knoxville Iron Company founder Hiram Chamberlain (1835–1916) purchased 900 acres (360 ha) at what is now Rockwood, selecting the location due to the ore and coal resources at the base of Walden Ridge, the proximity to the Tennessee River, and an assumption that the encroaching railroads would descend the Plateau at nearby Emory Gap. Wilder and Chamberlain enlisted several other investors from Indiana and Ohio, and the Roane Iron Company was chartered on June 18, 1867. By late 1868, the company had constructed a blast furnace with a capacity of 15 tons per day between the ridge and the end of what is now Rockwood Street.

The company mined coal and iron ore along the ridge, which it transported by narrow-gauge rail to the furnace site. The coal was delivered to coking ovens, where it was converted into coke, and the coke was then used to generate the temperatures needed to convert the iron ore into pig iron. The pig iron was then shipped by river to rolling mills in Knoxville andChattanooga, and was used primarily in railroad construction. In the early 1880s, Roane Iron purchased a rolling mill in Chattanooga and experimented with steel production, but the Walden Ridge ore proved to be too low-quality for such a process, and the company abandoned its steel venture in 1889.

Roane Iron's Rockwood furnace employed a mix of local labor (both caucasian and African-American) and immigrants (especially Welshimmigrants), and did not practice wage discrimination.The company paid workers either cash, which was issued on paydays, or scrip, which could be issued anytime at the worker's request. Other than a miners' strike in 1904, Roane Iron experienced relatively few labor disputes, even though labor organizations were active in Rockwood. A series of mining accidents— namely a 1926 mine explosion— damaged the company's image and led to out-of-control workers' compensation payments, however, and in 1929 Roane Iron shut down operations

Development of Rockwood

Worried that the region's Confederate-sympathizers might shun an operation led by a well-known Union general, Wilder decided to name Roane Iron's company town after one of its lesser-known Indiana investors, William O. Rockwood. In spite of the name, William Rockwood played only a minor role in Roane Iron's affairs, and the early development of the town was largely the work of Wilder and Chamberlain. Unlike the "boom" towns in nearby Cardiff and Harriman, Rockwood's growth was gradual. Rockwood's population grew from 696 in 1870 to 1,011 in 1880. By 1890, the city's population had swelled to 2,305.

Rockwood Landing Ferry, along the Tennessee River, in 1940

For the first 50 years of its existence, Rockwood was polarized by the temperance issue. Wilder, a prohibitionist, banned alcoholic beverages on company property, and tried in vain to prevent drunkenness in the town throughout the 1870s. Saloons became commonplace in Rockwood in the 1880s, however, and Roane Iron began to struggle with absenteeism, as many employees worked for just a few days per week in order to make enough money for a "weekend of drinking and fighting." In 1887, after the state's "four-mile" law effectively banned saloons in unincorporated areas, a section of the town incorporated as "East Rockwood" to dodge the law. Rockwood, which incorporated in 1890, passed an ordinance banning the sale of alcohol in 1903, but the ordinance didn't apply to railroads, and the so-called "jug train" from Chattanooga continued supplying Rockwood with liquor until the statewide prohibition law took effect in 1909.

Noting the success of land auctions in nearby Cardiff and Harriman, Roane Iron held its own land auction for Rockwood in May 1890, selling several hundred lots and raising $600,000. To promote the city, the company laid out new streets, built new hotels, and allowed general stores to set up shop in the city and compete with the company store.These de-paternalization measures helped Rockwood survive the Panic of 1893, which doomed neighboring Cardiff.

20th century

In the early 20th century, Rockwood's economy further diversified. Former Roane Iron employee James Tarwater founded Rockwood Mills, which manufactured hosiery, in 1905. Another former Roane Iron employee, Sewell Howard, established Rockwood Stove Works in 1916. After Roane Iron's collapse in 1929, Rockwood struggled with unemployment. At the outbreak of World War II, however, the Tennessee Products Corporation reopened the iron works to produce ferromanganese for the wartime effort.







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