|Town of Alamo|
|Nickname(s): The Refuge to the Valley|
Location of Alamo, Texas
Alamo, Texas, located in the Rio Grande Valley what is nicknamed the "Land of Two Summers," is a town known as "The Refuge to the Valley" in the irrigated area of southern Hidalgo County, Texas. This town was incorporated in 1924, and it was named for the abundance of Alamo Cottenwood trees that grew on the land that was owned by the Alamo Land and Sugar Company, not for the famous "The Alamo" in San Antonio, Texas Alamo Mission, 240 miles to the north. The town is located in an area of abundant vegetable farming and citrus groves, and it is a noted winter resort/retirement town near the Mexico-U.S. border. Alamo is also one of the Rio Grande Valley's gateways toMexico, via U.S. Route 281 and Nuevo Progreso, Tamaulipasas well as gateway to the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge. Alamo's population was 18,353 at the time of the 2010 U.S. Census.
Alamo is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllenmetropolitan areas.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,760 people, 4,621 households, and 3,826 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,580.8 people per square mile (996.3/km²). There were 6,208 housing units at an average density of 1,085.5 per square mile (419.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White(including Latinos that were born before the 60s considered whites by law ), 0.21% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 13.73% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanicor Latino of any race were 78.10% of the population.
There were 4,621 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.57.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,928, and the median income for a family was $24,827. Males had a median income of $17,476 versus $14,683 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,564. About 24.9% of families and 32.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.0% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
Most of Alamo's population resides within the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District, although a portion does resides in the Donna Independent School District boundaries.
Elementary schools in the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo District located in Alamo include Zeferino Farias Elementary, Agusto Guerra Elementary, Santos Livas[Previously N. Alamo] Elementary, Marcia R. Garza Elementary, John McKeever Elementary,. Secondary schools: Alamo Middle School, Audie Murphy Middle and Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Memorial High School all serve Alamo.
Captain D. Salinas II Elementary of Donna ISD serves that portion.
In addition, all Alamo residents are allowed to apply to magnet schools operated by the South Texas Independent School District.
Valley Christian Heritage School is in Alamo.
Idea Public School District enrolls local students in any of a variety of area campuses in located in Alamo, San Juan, Pharr, Donna, Edinburg.
Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Memorial Library is located in Alamo. The library is named after United States ArmySergeant Fernando "Nando" De La Rosa, who died during a roadside bomb explosion on October 27, 2009 in the Arghandab River Valley in Afghanistan.