The Masonic Lodge in Bardwell until 2013
Location of Bardwell, Texas
Bardwell is a city in Ellis County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 649 at the 2010 Census.
The community was settled in the early 1880s when the town's namesake, John W. Bardwell, built a cotton gin one mile south of the present-day location. A school opened in 1892 and a post office was established in 1893. When the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway was routed through Ellis County in 1907, the gin and community were moved to the nearest stretch of track. The town had its own telephone system and electricity supplied by lines from Ennis in 1914. Bardwell prospered throughout the 1920s as a cotton shipping point with three gins and six grocery stores. The population grew to 650 by 1929, but the Great Depression and a subsequent drought severely impacted the community. The main road was rerouted to the new State Highway 34 in the early 1940s and most of Bardwell's businesses either closed or moved to sites along the highway. In 1958, Bardwell's school consolidated with nearby Ennis. After dropping to a low of 277 during the 1970s, the population began to grow. By 1990, 387 people lived in Bardwell. That figure had grown to 583 by 2000.
As of the census of 2000, there were 583 people, 167 households, and 139 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,093.7 people per square mile (803.9/km²). There were 176 housing units at an average density of 632.1 per square mile (242.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.58% White, 17.50% African American, 1.37% Native American, 18.52% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic orLatino of any race were 47.51% of the population.
There were 167 households out of which 47.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.2% were non-families. 13.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.49 and the average family size was 3.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 37.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,666. About 26.5% of families and 24.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 35.4% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Bardwell is served by the Ennis Independent School District. The school district had an enrollment of 5838 for the 2011-2012 school year.
The First National Bank established 1915. One of two historic buildings left on East Main Street.