Brownfield is a city in Terry County, Texas, United States. The populationwas 9,657 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Terry County nearLubbock in West Texas.
Location of Brownfield, Texas
Cotton farming remains the backbone of not only Brownfield, but the entire South Plains in general. Cotton fields stretch for miles, and the harvest season in October has a frenzy of activity as harvesters (locally called cotton strippers), module makers, and module trucks are seen all over the county.
A significant haze also develops over the city as the local cotton gins go to work stripping the cotton from the burr, separating the seeds, and then compressing the cotton into 500-lb bales. The haze is actually fine cotton dust, and sometimes small drifts develop in the street resembling snow mixed with red dirt.
Peanut growing has found a toehold on the economy as have vineyards. In recent years, grape growing has shown Terry County as a prime producer of choice wine grapes. While no wineries are currently in the county, several notable ones are in the Lubbock area, about 30 miles northeast.
Oil production continues to form a small, but significant, part of the Brownfield economy.
The number of residents in prisons or correctional facilities is significantly above the state average.
Only 61.5% of the population holds a high school degree or higher, 8.9% a bachelor's degree or higher, and 2.7% a master's degree or higher. About 6.1% of the population was unemployed in 2010.
As of the census of 2000, 9,488 people, 3,176 households, and 2,337 families resided in the city. The population densitywas 1,501.0 people per square mile (579.6/km²). The 3,735 housing units had an average density of 590.9 per square mile (228.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 24.56% White, 6.59% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 14.47% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanics of any race were 45.95% of the population.
Of the 3,176 households, 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were not families. About 24% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, the population was distributed as 27.2% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,504, and for a family was $32,076. Males had a median income of $23,637 versus $19,628 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,854. About 21.8% of families and 26.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.7% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.
Brownfield is served by a weekly newspaper, nearby stations KBXJ (FM) and KPET (AM), and the various Lubbock radio and TV stations. KKUB (AM) and KTTU-FM are licensed to Brownfield but operate primarily from offices and studios in Lubbock.
The City of Brownfield is served by the Brownfield Independent School District.
Brownfield High School was rated "Academically Unacceptable" by the Texas State Board of Education in 2011.
For the 2012-2013 school year, Brownfield High School State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness test scores resulted in the following student passing scores:
-23% of students passed Writing
-45% of students passed Algebra
-67% of students passed Biology
-54% of students passed Chemistry
-48% of students passed Reading
-19% of students passed Geography
Several town meetings were held in 2008 to discuss the issue of selling beer and wine within Terry County. On November 4, a majority registered voters voted to legalize the sale of beer and wine in Terry County (1533 for, 1211 against).