|City of Brownsville|
|Nickname(s): "The Green City"|
|Motto: On the border by the sea...|
Brownsville is the sixteenth most populous city in the state of Texaswith a population of 181,860. It is located on the southernmost tip ofTexas, United States on the northern bank of the Rio Grande, directly north and across the border from Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. The 2013 U.S. Census Bureau estimate places the Brownsville-Harlingen metropolitan area population at 417,276 allotting it the eighth most populous metropolitan area in the state of Texas. In addition, theMatamoros–Brownsville Metropolitan Area counts with a population of 1,136,995, allotting it the fourth-largest metropolitan area along the U.S.-Mexico border. Brownsville has one of the highest poverty rates in the nation.
The Brownsville urban area is one of the fastest growing in the United States. The city's population dramatically increased after it experienced a boom in the steel industry during the first decade of the 1900s, when steel output tripled. In recent times, the Port of Brownsville has become a major economic hub for South Texas, where shipments from Mexico, other parts of the United States and the world arrive. Brownsville's economy is mainly based on its international trade with Mexico through the North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA), and is home to one of the fastest growing manufacturingsectors in the nation.In addition, Brownsville's climate has often been recognized among the best pro-business climates in the United States, and the city has also been ranked among the least expensive places to live in the U.S.
Brownsville served as a site for several battles and events in the Texas Revolution, the Mexican American War, and the American Civil War. And right across the U.S-Mexico border lies Matamoros, Tamaulipas, a city with a population of 500,000 people and a major site of the Mexican War of Independence, the Mexican Revolution,and the French Intervention.
An important pillar of the economy is the Port of Brownsville. The port, located 2 miles (3.2 km) from the city, provides an important link between the road networks of nearby Mexico, and the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway of Texas.
The port's hinterland, from where it draws cargo, is Monterrey, Mexico, just 198 miles to the West, which is one of Latin America's largest industrial cities.
According to the Brownsville Economic Development Council (BEDC), the top employers in the city as of April 2014 were:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Brownsville Independent School District||7,708|
|2||Caring For You Home Health||2,635|
|4||University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College||1,625|
|6||City of Brownsville||1,200|
|7||Abundant Life Home Health||1,200|
|10||Valley Regional Medical Center||786|
SpaceX is building the South Texas Launch Site, a private space launch facility east of Brownsville on the Gulf Coast.The new launch facility is expected to draw US$85 million to the city of Brownsville and eventually generate approximatelyUS$51 million in annual salaries from some 500 jobs created by 2024. The facility itself is projected to employ 75–100 full-time workers in the early years with up to 150 full-time employees/contractors by 2019.
As of October 2014, the University of Texas at Brownsville and the Brownsville Economic Development Council (BEDC), in collaboration with SpaceX, are building radio-frequency (RF) technology facilities for STARGATE—Spacecraft Tracking andAstronomical Research into Gigahertz Astrophysical Transient Emission. The facility is intended to provide students and faculty access to RF technologies widely used in spaceflight operations, and will include satellite and spacecraft tracking.BEDC purchased five lots in Boca Chica Village totaling 2.3 acres (0.93 ha) near the SpaceX launch site and renamed it as the STARGATE subdivision. The beach location will include a 12,000 square feet (1,100 m2) tracking center."STARGATE has received several startup grants including US$1.2 million from the US Economic Development Administration.
Brownsville has its own city-owned airport, the Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport. The airport is used for general aviation and is served by United Airlines (service to Houston-Intercontinental), AeroMexico (service to Monterrey, Mexico) and Envoy Air (service to Dallas-Fort Worth).
The Brownsville area is full of well-established art galleries and museums that represent not only art of the region and Mexico but feature traveling exhibits from around the world.
Each year, Brownsville hosts the Jackie Robinson World Series for nine-year-old baseball players.
In 1920 the St. Louis Cardinals held spring training in Brownsville.
In 2011 & 2013 The University of Texas at Brownsville Ocelots Women's Volleyball team captured the NAIA National Championship in Sioux City, Iowa at the Tyson Events Center