Castroville City Hall
|Nickname(s): The Little Alsace of Texas|
Location of Castroville, Texas
Castroville is a city in Medina County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,680 at the 2010 census. Prior to 1893, Castroville was the first county seat of Medina County.
Castroville is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Castroville was established in 1844 by Henri Castro, an empresario of theRepublic of Texas, who brought several dozen European families to the area from Alsace and adjoining Baden to populate his land grant along theMedina River 20 miles west of San Antonio. The first colonists disembarked at Galveston on January 9, 1843. They were taken by ship to Lavaca Bayand traveled overland to San Antonio, where they took shelter in abandoned buildings until the Texas Rangers were prepared to escort them to their land and protect them from hostile Indians. On September 2, 1844, the first colonists arrived at Castro's land grant on the Medina River.
From 1849, Castroville, on the Medina River was a water stop on the San Antonio-El Paso Road and a stagecoach station on the San Antonio-El Paso Mail Line and San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line.
After a few hard years, the town and surrounding farms flourished; although for generations, the residents remained insular. In Castroville's first century, a visitor would be more likely to hear Alsatian — a language spoken in Europe before High German was prevalent — than English spoken in the town's homes, stores, and taverns. Modern Alsatian travelers noted that thedialect spoken in Castroville was more like that which was spoken in the 1840s. The descendants of the original settlers worked diligently to preserve their language, which has slowly been eradicated in Europe by political actions of France and Germany, especially since World War II.
Today, though, native speakers of Alsatian are dying out, and fewer of the town's residents can trace their ancestry back to the original Castro Colonists. The suburbs of nearby San Antonio are encroaching, and much of the town has been made a national historic district to preserve the unique, sloped-roof architecture of dozens of original Alsatian homes and shops.
Castroville is a sister city of Ensisheim (Alsace) in France.
The City of Castroville is served by the Medina Valley Independent School District and Saint Louis Catholic School (prekindergarten through fifth grade).
Waders cool off in the Medina River in Castroville on Fathers Day.
Monument to Henri Castro
Trees shade the entrance to the Landmark Inn, a state historic site in Castroville.
The Old Alsatian Steakhouse and Ristorante in the historic district of Castroville
The historic St. Louis Catholic Church is located in downtown Castroville; pastor James Conway (2011).
First Baptist Church in Castroville is located off U.S. Route 90.
Trailhead at Castroville Regional Park
On the hiking trail in Castroville