Location of Covington, Texas
Covington is a city in Hill County in Northern Central Texas located on State Highway 171 twelve miles (19 km) north of Hillsboro in north central Hill County. It was founded by Colonel James. J. Gathings in the spring of 1852. The population was 269 at the 2010 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 282 people, 111 households, and 79 families residing in the city. The population density was 339.8 people per square mile (131.2/km²). There were 122 housing units at an average density of 147.0 per square mile (56.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.78% White, 3.19% African American, 0.35% Native American, 2.84% from other races, and 2.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.38% of the population.
There were 111 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, and 28.8% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,214, and the median income for a family was $45,179. Males had a median income of $35,972 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,874. About 13.9% of families and 9.6% of the population were below thepoverty line, including 4.4% of those under the age of eighteen and 23.4% of those sixty five or over.
The City of Covington is served by the Covington Independent School District.
In the early 1860s Gathings College was founded by brothers James and Phillip Gathings. It quickly became the largest school in the state, but dwindled to nearly nothing after the civil war. Some manner of school continued to operate in the building until it became incorporated into the Covington Independent School District.