Crane is a city in and the county seat of Crane County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,191 at the 2000 census. The main highway through Crane is U.S. Route 385, which extends from McCamey north toOdessa.
An oil boomtown dating from the 1920s, Crane is still in the center of a prominent oil-producing region. It is the only significant town in sparsely populated Crane County and contains the only post office in the county.
The Museum of the Desert Southwest is the area's museum of local history and is operated by the Crane County Historical Commission.
The Museum of the Desert Southwest has exhibits on authors Elmer Kelton and Paul Patterson, both with roots in Crane.
Location of Crane, Texas
While the post office dates from 1908, it was the discovery of oil in 1926 in the Permian Basin that brought in enough fortune-seekers to populate a town. Streets are named for the children of O.C. Kinnison, the realtor who drew up the town map. As in other oil boomtowns, development of services lagged behind temporary dwellings for the workers, although paved roads and other basic infrastructure was added as the town grew. Peak population as reported by the U.S. Census was in 1960 at 3,796, and it has declined slightly since, although the town remains the center for servicing the oil fields in Crane County.