Gallatin is a city in Cherokee County, Texas, in the United States. The population was 419 at the 2010 census. Gallatin is an incorporated farming community at the junction of Farm roads 22 and 768, six miles north of Rusk in central Cherokee County. The area was first settled in the late 1840s, but a community did not develop until 1902, when the Texas and New Orleans Railroad was built through the area. John W. Chandler and his sister, Sophronia, who owned the surrounding land, asked Rusk attorney C. H. Martin to survey a townsite. Chandler named the new town Gallatin, after his hometown of Gallatin, Tennessee. The new community, located in a large truck-farming area, quickly developed into a market for tomatoes and other produce. The construction in 1907 of a branch line of the T&NO between Gallatin and Rusk further enhanced the town as a shipping center. By 1914 Gallatin had a population of 350, several churches, two general stores, a drugstore, a school, and a cotton gin. In 1916 virtually the entire business district was destroyed by fire, but the town was quickly rebuilt, and as late as the mid-1930s it reported 500 residents and five businesses. After World War II the community steadily declined. Its school was consolidated with the Rusk schools in the 1950s, and many of the town's businesses closed. The population of Gallatin fell to 350 by the early 1950s, and in 1990 only 171 residents and two stores were reported there. Nevertheless, Gallatin was incorporated in the early 1980s. In 1991 it had an estimated population of 382 and three businesses. In 2000 the population was 378 with four businesses. Gallatin's most famous past resident was the singer-songwriter, Johnny Horton, who graduated from the high school at Gallatin before going on to college inJacksonville, Texas, at Lon Morris College.
Location of Gallatin, Texas
As of the census of 2010, there were 419 people, 146 households, and 102 families residing in the city. Thepopulation density was 90.3 people per square mile (34.9/km²). There were 164 housing units at an average density of 35.7/sq mi (13.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.89% White, 2.34% African American, 0.72% Asian, 1.91% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.68% of the population.
There were 146 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% weremarried couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,714, and the median income for a family was $31,875. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $19,107 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,350. About 16.3% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 26.8% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Gallatin is served by the Rusk Independent School District.