Pecos is the largest city in and the county seat of Reeves County, Texas, United States. It is situated in the river valley on the west bank of the Pecos River at the eastern edge of the Chihuahuan Desert and the Trans-Pecos region of west Texas and near the southern border of New Mexico. The population was 8,780 at the 2010 census. The city on January 24, 2012, had just appeared on Forbes 400 as the 2nd-fastest growing small town in the country. The city is a regional commercial center for ranching, oil and gas production and agriculture. The city is most recognized for its association with the local cultivation of cantaloupes. Pecos claims to be the site of the world's first rodeo on July 4, 1883.
Storefronts in downtown Pecos
Location of Pecos, Texas
|Coordinates: 31°24′56″N 103°30′0″W|
Pecos is one of the numerous towns in West Texas organized around a train depot during the construction of theTexas and Pacific Railway. These towns were subsequently linked by the construction of U.S. Highway 80 andInterstate 20. Prior to the arrival of the railroad, a permanent camp existed nearby where cattle drives crossed thePecos River. With the introduction of irrigation from underground aquifers, the city became a center of commerce for extensive local agricultural production of cotton, onions and cantaloupes. The introduction of large-scale sulfurmining in adjacent Culberson County during the 1960s led to significant economic and population growth. The growth was reversed after mining operations ceased in the 1990s.
In 1962 Pecos resident Billie Sol Estes was indicted for fraud by a federal grand jury in a business scandal that involved allegations against then United States Vice President, Lyndon B. Johnson.
Pecos is the site of the largest private prison in the world, the Reeves County Detention Complex, operated by theGEO Group.
Pecos is located at (31.415417, −103.499955).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), all of it land.