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Three Forks Orthopaedics: French H Graeme MD 1200 West Fairview Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-9005
Les Schwab Tire Center 215 West Walla Walla Highway, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-4678
Rae Ginas Salon 409 North Main Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-2289
Colfax Body Repair LLC 514 South Main Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-3468
Arby's 301 South Main Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-6832
Sport Shack 121 South Main Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-2770
Maynard's Mop Shop 110 East Wall Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-4436
Clyde's Custom Body & Paint 811 North Main Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-4577
Nelda's Sewing & Crafts 525 East Lower A Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-2011
Dr. Gerald M. Binder, DMD 204 South Main Street, Colfax, WA
(509) 397-2951
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Mariachi Guadalajara de Seattle Reviewed by: Adrian Corella I had a signed contract with Mariachi Guadalaja for them to arrive at a wedding as a surprise at 9:30 pm. At 9:25 pm the day of the event, they inform they won't be able to make it out until 11:30
Washington Locksmith Reviewed by: MYLES The stablest in the industry. Very effective in fact. Competitively costed, without value taking a backseat . Proffessional and responsive products and services at beneficial costs .Assisted me di

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About Colfax

Colfax is the county seat of Whitman County, Washington, United States. The population was 2,844 at the 2000 census. It is situated amidst wheat-covered hills in a valley at the confluence of the north and south forks of the Palouse River. U.S. Route 195, which forms the town's main street, intersects with State Route 26 at the north end of town; in the past, Colfax also lay at the junction of three railway lines. It was named after Schuyler Colfax, the vice president from 1869-73.


Palouse Indians were the first known human inhabitants of the Colfax area. White settlers arrived in the summer of 1870, and soon built a sawmill. A flour mill and other businesses followed, and Colfax soon grew into a prosperous town. Originally, pioneer citizen James Perkin called the settlement "Belleville" in honor of his girlfriend; when he found a new love, he changed the town's name to Colfax.

Colfax was officially incorporated on November 29, 1873. In 1889-90, the town vied with several other finalists to become the site of a new state agricultural college, present-day Washington State University. The honor ultimately fell to nearby Pullman, 15 miles (24 km) southeast. Until passed by Pullman at the 1930 census, Colfax was the largest city in the county.

Notable natives

Either born, raised, or made Colfax their home:

Geography and Climate

Colfax is located in southeastern Washington at 46°53′3″N 117°21′49″W / 46.88417°N 117.36361°W / 46.88417; -117.36361 (46.884033, -117.363668), at an elevation of 1962 feet. The nearest cities are Spokane, Pullman, Moscow, and Lewiston/Clarkston. The area is geologically interesting, lying in the midst of the fertile Palouse country in the middle of the Columbia River Plateau, with the Rocky Mountains to the east, the Channeled Scablands to the west, and the Snake River to the south.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.3 km²).1.7 square miles (4.3 km²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water. The Palouse River, confined for flood control to a concrete bed that reduces it to an eighteen-inch-wide stream during the dry season, runs through the middle of town, parallel to Main Street.

Colfax has a four-season climate, with hot, dry summers, cold winters, and a rainy season that generally runs from autumn til spring. The annual rainfall averages less than 20 inches a year. This climate, together with the deep, rich palouse topsoil, makes for near-ideal wheat growing conditions.

Community resources

Tourist attractions

Public services, businesses, and churches

Among the town's other amenities are a public school, a hospital, several city parks, a skateboard park, a swimming pool and a public library that was recently named among the best in Washington State. As the county seat, Colfax is also home to the Whitman County Courthouse and the Whitman County Jail. The local government consists of a seven-member City Council and a mayor (currently Norma Becker, serving her fifth term).

There is a small assortment of businesses, including building and farm supply stores, a medium-sized grocery (Rosauers), a pharmacy, a hotel, a fitness center, a florist, a coffee stall, four gift shops, a pawn shop, and ten restaurants. Local service-based businesses include lawyers, dentists, auto mechanics, banks, and retirement homes.

Switchboard.com lists nine churches in Colfax, including one Catholic Church , one congregation of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (aka LDS or Mormon), and various Protestant and non-denominational churches including Colfax Nazarene Church, First Baptist Church, United Methodist Church, and The Community Bible Church.

A weekly newspaper called Whitman County Gazette is published in Colfax. In addition, there is a daily newspaper called "The Daily Bulletin" which consists of a one page paper with daily news and advertisements that is published in Colfax.

Annual Colfax Events


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 444  
1890 1,649   271.4%
1900 2,121   28.6%
1910 2,783   31.2%
1920 3,027   8.8%
1930 2,782   −8.1%
1940 2,853   2.6%
1950 3,057   7.2%
1960 2,860   −6.4%
1970 2,664   −6.9%
1980 2,780   4.4%
1990 2,713   −2.4%
2000 2,844   4.8%
Est. 2007 2,751   −3.3%

As of the 2000 census, there were 2,844 people, 1,191 households, and 740 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,705.6 people per square mile (657.5/km²). There were 1,357 housing units at an average density of 813.8/sq mi (313.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.16% White, 0.25% African American, 0.84% Native American, 2.07% Asian, 0.60% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

There were 1,191 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years, well above the national average of 35.3--possibly due to the presence of several retirement communities. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,622, and the median income for a family was $47,589. Males had a median income of $32,188 versus $26,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,519. About 6.1% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Population growth

The population has hovered near 3,000 since 1910.

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