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911 Restoration of The Triad 136 Polo Rd. Winston-Salem NC 27105
(336) 579-2501
Gotta Love that Handyman 615 Saint George Square Court Suite 300, Winston-Salem NC 27103
(336) 602-7333
Top NC Pest Control 615 St. George Square Court Suite 300 Winston-Salem NC 27103
(336) 656-2379
Closed Franchise XIII Yeaton Glen Drive Winston-Salem NC 27101
(336) 544-8294
Red Engine Systems LLC 6025 Shaw Hills Ct Winston-Salem NC 27107
(888) 609-9063
Best Buy - Winston Salem 1980 Griffith Rd, Winston-Salem, NC
(336) 768-1277
Ryan's 719 Coliseum Drive, Winston-Salem, NC
(336) 724-6132
Massage Studio, Tammy Leonard LMBT #9898 936 W 4th St #201, Winston Salem, NC
(336) 239-5244
Hawthorne Inn & Conference Center 420 High St SW, Winston-Salem, NC
(336) 777-3000
Steve Finger Master Barber 1311 South Hawthorne Road, Winston-Salem, NC
(336) 422-4611
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Mission Restorations Reviewed by: John Wilson Fantastic experience, they came out immediately and fixed the water damage in less than 2 days
Eurobahn Motorsports BMW-MINI Greensboro Reviewed by: Samuel Wright Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi is a convenient and trustworthy place for your Audi service. They provide quality professional service specifically for all models. They replace old and worn parts
Eurobahn Motorsports BMW-MINI Greensboro Reviewed by: Nicholas White Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi is proudly giving their best automobile repair and maintenance service in Greensboro, Winston-Salem, High Point and Burlington, NC.
Roger R Compton Attorney at Law Reviewed by: Cece TERRIBLE LAWYER!!!!! RUN!!! Doesn't return calls, zero communication, billing errors (oh and then he will bill you for the phone call to bring said errors to light), did absolutely NOTHING for me!
Covenant Recreation & Fitness Reviewed by: Susan The trainers are the best! If looking to start out or to get past a block they can help!

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About Winston-Salem

Winston-Salem is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Winston-Salem is the county seat and largest city of Forsyth County and the fourth-largest city in the state. Winston-Salem is the second largest municipality in the Piedmont Triad region and is home to the tallest office buildings in the region, such as the Wachovia Center. It is called the "Twin City" for its dual heritage, or "Camel City", a reference to Camel cigarettes and the city's prominent tobacco industry; some locals use "Winston" in informal speech. Winston-Salem is home to three universities: Wake Forest University, a nationally distinguished private university, Winston-Salem State University, an HBCU founded in 1892, and UNC School of the Arts.

Overview

The Old Salem district and related Historic Bethabara site are the city's oldest historical attractions. Also of historical interest is Reynolda Village (which includes Reynolda Gardens and the Reynolda House Museum of American Art). Other sites of interest include the Horne Creek Historic Farm, Tanglewood Park golf course, the SciWorks educational facility, and SECCA, the Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art. The city's major sports and entertainment venues are organized in a group known as the Winston-Salem Entertainment-Sports Complex.

The Winston-Salem metropolitan area (MSA) has an estimated population of 468,124 according to the 2008 estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau. As of 2008, the combined statistical area (CSA) of Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point, the Piedmont Triad, has a population of 1,603,101 , making it the 30th-largest metropolitan area in the USA.

History

Salem

The origin of the town of Salem dates back to January 1753, when Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg, on behalf of the Moravian Church, selected a settlement site in the three forks of Muddy Creek. He called this area "die Wachau" (Latin form: Wachovia) named after the Austrian estate of Count Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf. Wachovia Bank takes its name from this area where it was founded. The land, just short of 99,000 acres (400km), was subsequently purchased from John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville.

A house near Old Salem with the Wachovia Center skyscraper in the background.

On November 17, 1753, the first settlers arrived at what would later become the town of Bethabara. This town, despite its rapid growth, was not designed to be the primary settlement on the tract. Instead, lots were drawn to select among suitable sites for the location of a new town.

The town established on the chosen site was given the name of Salem (from the Hebrew word Shalom for "peace") chosen for it by the Moravians' late patron, Count Zinzendorf. On 6 January, 1766, the first tree was felled for the building of Salem. Salem was a typical Moravian settlement congregation with the public buildings of the congregation grouped around a central square, today Salem Square. These included the church, a Brethren's House and a Sisters' House for the unmarried members of the Congregation, which owned all the property in town. For many years only members of the Moravian Church were permitted to live in the settlement. This practice had ended by the American Civil War. Many of the original buildings in the settlement have been restored or rebuilt and are now part of Old Salem. Salem Square and "God's Acre", the Moravian Graveyard, since 1772 are the site each Easter morning of the world-famous Moravian sunrise service. This service, sponsored by all the Moravian church parishes in the City, attracts thousands of worshippers each year and has earned the name of "the Easter City" for Winston-Salem.

Winston

In 1849, the town of Winston was founded, named after a local hero of the Revolutionary War, Joseph Winston, who was well-known in the town of Salem. Shortly thereafter, both Winston and Salem were incorporated into the newly formed Forsyth County. It thrived as an industrial town, producing tobacco products, furniture and textiles. In 1851, Winston was designated the county seat, and, with plans to connect the cities of Winston and Salem, the county courthouse square was placed just one mile (1.6km) north of Salem's square.

C.E. Bennett's Bottling Works in Salem

Winston-Salem

In 1889, the United States Post Office Department combined the mail offices for the two towns, and the towns were officially joined with a hyphen as "Winston-Salem" in 1913.

The Reynolds family, namesake of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, played a large role in the history and public life of Winston-Salem. By the 1940s, 60% of Winston-Salem workers worked either for Reynolds or in the Hanes textile factories. The Reynolds company imported so much French cigarette paper and Turkish tobacco for Camel cigarettes that Winston-Salem was designated by the United States federal government as an official port of entry for the United States, despite the city being 200 miles inland. Winston-Salem was the eighth-largest port of entry in the United States by 1916.

In 1917, the company bought 84 acres of property in Winston-Salem and built 180 houses that it sold at cost to workers, to form a development called "Reynoldstown." By the time R.J. Reynolds died in 1918, his company owned 121 buildings in Winston-Salem.

Notable early businesses

The Winston-Tower, formerly the Wachovia Building

Geography

Winston-Salem is located at 366′10″N 8015′38″W / 36.10278N 80.26056W / 36.10278; -80.26056 (36.102764, -80.260491).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 132.4 square miles (283.9km), of which, 129.6square miles (281.9km) of it is land and 2.8square miles (2.0km) of it (0.81%) is water.

In April 2007, Winston-Salem, along with several other North Carolina cities, signed legislation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to pre-1990 levels, in an effort to combat global warming.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1920 48,395
1930 75,274
1940 79,815
1950 87,811
1960 111,135
1970 133,683
1980 131,885
1990 143,485
2000 185,776
2008 227,834

As of the census of 2000, there are 185,776 people, with a total urban population of 299,290, 76,247 households, and 46,205 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,706.7 people per square mile (659.0/km). There are 82,593 housing units at an average density of 758.8/sqmi (293.0/km). The racial makeup of the city is 55.57% White, 37.10% African American, 0.31% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.29% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 8.64% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 76,247 households out of which 28.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% are married couples living together, 16.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% are non-families. 33.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 2.95.

In the city the population is spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $39,589, and the median income for a family is $46,595. Males have a median income of $32,398 versus $25,335 for females. The per capita income for the city is $39,468. 11.2% of the population and 4.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.3% of those under the age of 18 and 7.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

A 2006 cost of living survey (Mercer) ranked Winston-Salem as the 124th most most expensive city in the U.S. or Europe, - slightly half as expensive as living in Moscow.

Economy

Downtown Winston-Salem

It is the location of the corporate headquarters of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Krispy Kreme Doughnuts, Inc., Branch Banking and Trust Company (BB&T), TW Garner Food Company (makers of Texas Pete), Reynolda Manufacturing Solutions,HanesBrands, Inc., Lowes Foods Stores, Southern Community Bank and ISP Sports. Wachovia Corporation was based in Winston-Salem until it merged with First Union Corporation in September 2001; the corporate headquarters of the combined company was located in Charlotte, until it was purchased by Wells Fargo in December 2008.

Although traditionally associated with the textile, furniture, and tobacco industries, Winston-Salem is attempting to attract new businesses in the nanotech, high-tech and bio-tech fields. Medical research is a fast-growing local industry, and Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center is the largest employer in Winston-Salem. Blue Rhino, the nation's largest propane exchange company and a division of Ferrellgas, is also headquartered in Winston-Salem. In December 2004, the city landed a deal with Dell, Inc. providing millions of dollars in incentives to build a computer assembly plant nearby in southeastern Forsyth County. However Dell announced it will close its Winston-Salem facility in January of 2010 due to the poor economy. A portion of downtown Winston-Salem has been designated as the Piedmont Triad Research Park for biomedical and information technology research and development. Currently, the research park is undergoing an expansion, with hopes of jumpstarting the city's economy.


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